Skye Fitzpatrick

Assistant Professor

Locations / Contact Info:

Behavioural Science - BSB
Keele Campus

Email address(es):

skyefitz@yorku.ca

Web site(s):

TULiP Lab

Faculty & School/Dept.

Faculty of Health - Department of Psychology

Degrees

Postdoctoral fellowship - 2019
Rutgers University
Piscataway, New Jersey, USA

Predoctoral Internship - 2018
University of Washington
Seattle, WA, USA

PhD - 2018
Ryerson University
Toronto, ON

MA - 2013
Ryerson University
Toronto, ON

BA - 2011
Dalhousie University
Halifax, NS

Biography

Dr. Skye Fitzpatrick completed her PhD in 2018 at Ryerson University in the Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Processing Laboratory under Dr. Janice Kuo’s supervision. Her research at Ryerson focused on the nature and treatment of borderline personality disorder (BPD), with a specific focus on dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT). Dr. Fitzpatrick’s training at Ryerson supported her in achieving numerous awards, including the Governor General’s Academic Gold Medal Award, the American Psychological Association Dissertation Research Award, and the Dennis Mock Student Leadership Award, among others. Following graduate school, Dr. Fitzpatrick completed her predoctoral internship in Seattle at the University of Washington under the research mentorship of Dr. Debra Kaysen. During her internship, she received research and clinical training in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which often co-occurs with BPD, and was awarded the Nancy Robinson Award for Outstanding Overall Achievement for her contributions to the training program. Dr. Fitzpatrick continued to pursue training in both BPD and PTSD treatment research during her postdoctoral fellowship in the Center of Alcohol Studies at Rutgers University under the mentorship of Dr. Denise Hien and Dr. Shireen Rizvi. Her current research focuses on identifying ways to optimize, expedite, and broaden access to BPD and PTSD treatments on their own and as they co-occur. In the interest of optimizing and expediting BPD and PTSD treatments, Dr. Fitzpatrick has become particularly focused on harnessing the power of relationships through the development and study of conjoint or dyadic interventions. In the interest of broading access to BPD and PTSD interventions, she has become interested in developing and studying online, remote-delivered, and brief interventions.  

Selected Publications

SELECTED PEER-REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS



Fitzpatrick, S., Wagner, A. C., Crenshaw, A. O., Varma, S., Whitfield, K. M., Valela, R., … Monson, C. M. (in press). Initial outcomes of Couple HOPES: A guided online intervention for PTSD and relationship enhancement. Internet Interventions. 



Fitzpatrick, S.,Morgan-Lopez, A. A., Saraiya, T., Back, S. E., Killeen, T., Norman, S. B., … Hien, D. A. (2021). Graded response item response theory in scaling suicidal thoughts and behaviors among trauma-exposed individuals with substance use disorders. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. Doi: 10.1037/adb0000757



Monson, C. M., Fitzpatrick, S., Wagner, A. C., Valela, R., Whitfield, K. M., Varma, S., Landy, M. S. H., Di Bartolomeo, A.,Crenshaw, A. O., Fulham, L., Morland, L., Knopp, K., Protctor, D. W., Toller, A., Webster, K., & Doss, B. D. (2021). The development of Couple HOPES: A guided online intervention for PTSD and relationship enhancement. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 21, 191789. Doi: 10.1080/20008198.2021.1917879



Fitzpatrick, S., Liebman, R., & Monson, C. M. (in press). The Borderline Interpersonal-Affective Systems (BIAS) Model: Extending understanding of the interpersonal context of borderline personality disorder. Clinical Psychology Review. 



Fitzpatrick, S.,* Dixon-Gordon, K.,*& Haliczer, L. (in press). Emotion regulation and borderline personality disorder features in daily life: The role of social context. Journal of Affective Disorders. 



*S. Fitzpatrick and K. Dixon-Gordon are co-first authors



Fitzpatrick, S., Varma, S., & Kuo, J. R. (in press). Is borderline personality disorder really an emotion dysregulation disorder and, if so, how?: A comprehensive test across emotion dysregulation components. Psychological Medicine. 



Rizvi, S. L., & Fitzpatrick, S.(in press). Changes in suicide and non-suicidal self-injury ideation and the moderating role of specific emotions over the course of dialectical behavior therapy. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior. 



Dworkin, E., De Cou, C., & Fitzpatrick, S. (in press). Associations between sexual assault and suicidal thoughts and behavior: A meta-analysis. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy.doi: 10.1037/tra0000570



Fitzpatrick, S., Saraiya, T., Lopez-Castro, T., Ruglass, L., & Hien, D. (2020). The impact of trauma characteristics on posttraumatic stress disorder and substance use disorder outcomes across integrated and substance use treatments. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 113, 1-8. doi:0.1016/j.jsat.2020.01.012 



Fitzpatrick, S., Maich, K., Kuo, J. R., & Carney, C. (2020). Identifying specific insomnia components in borderline personality disorder and their influence on emotion dysregulation. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment. doi: 10.1037/per0000395



Fitzpatrick, S., Kranzler, A., Fehling, K., Lindqvist, J., & Selby, E. (2020). Investigating the role of the intensity and duration of self-injury thoughts in self-injury with ecological momentary assessment. Psychiatry Research, 284, 1-8.doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112761



Fitzpatrick, S., Bailey, K., & Rizvi, S. L. (in press). Changes in emotions over the course of dialectical behavior therapy and the moderating role of depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder. Behavior Therapy. doi: 10.1016/j.beth.2019.12.009



Harned, M., Fitzpatrick, S.,& Schmidt, S.(in press). Identifying change targets for posttraumatic stress disorder among suicidal and self-injuring women with borderline personality disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 33, 610-616.



Fitzpatrick, S., Ip, J., Krantz, L., Zeifman, R., & Kuo, J. R. (2019). Use your words: The role of emotion labeling in regulating emotion in borderline personality disorder. Behavior Research and Therapy, 120, 1-8doi:10.1016/j.brat.2019.103447



Bender, T. W., Fitzpatrick, S., Hartmann, M., Hames, J., Bodell, L., Selby, E. A., & Joiner, T. E. (2019). Does it hurt to ask? An analysis of iatrogenic risk during suicide risk assessment. Neurology, Psychiatry, and Brain Research, 33, 73-81. doi: 10.1016/j.npbr.2019.07.005



Fitzpatrick, S., Zeifman, R., Krantz, L., McMain, S., & Kuo, J. R. (2019). Getting specific about emotion and self-inflicted injury: An examination across emotion processes. Archives of Suicide Research. doi: 10.1080/13811118.2019.1586605



Fitzpatrick, S., Khoury, J. E., Krantz, L., Zeifman, R., & Kuo, J. R. (2019). Next-day effects of dysfunctional and functional emotion regulation and the moderating role of experiential avoidance. Journal of Contextual and Behavioral Science, 12, 22-28. doi: 10.1016/j.jcbs.2019.01.003Get



Fitzpatrick, S., Wagner, A., & Monson, C. (2019). Optimizing borderline personality disorder treatment by incorporating significant others: A review and synthesis. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 10, 297-308. doi: 10.1037/per0000328



Fitzpatrick, S., Macdonald, D. E., McFarlane, T., & Trottier, K. (2019). An experimental comparison of emotion regulation strategies in reducing acute distress in individuals with eating disorders. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 51, 90-99. doi: 10.1037/cbs0000119



Fitzpatrick, S., Khoury, J. E. & Kuo, J. R. (2018). Examining the relationship between emotion regulation deficits and borderline personality disorder features: A daily diary study. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 31, 42-58. doi: 10.1080/09515070.2016.1211509



Kuo, J. R., Fitzpatrick, S., Krantz, L. H., & Zeifman, R. (2017). How do you choose and how well does it work?: The selection and effectiveness of emotion regulation strategies and their relationship with borderline personality disorder feature severity. Cognition and Emotion, 32, 632-640. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2017.1330254



McMain, S., Fitzpatrick, S., Boritz, T., Barnhart, R., Links, P., & Streiner, D. (2017). Outcome trajectories and prognostic factors for suicide and self-harm behaviors in patients with borderline personality disorder following one year of outpatient psychotherapy. Journal of Personality Disorders, 14, 1-16. doi: 10.1521/pedi_2017_31_309



Metcalfe, R., Fitzpatrick, S., Kuo, J. R. (2017). A laboratory examination of emotion regulation skill strengthening in borderline personality disorder. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 8, 237-246. doi: 10.1037/per0000156



Fitzpatrick, S. & Kuo, J. R. (2016). The impact of stimulus arousal level on emotion regulation effectiveness in borderline personality disorder. Psychiatry Research, 241, 242-248. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.05.004



Kuo, J. R., Fitzpatrick, S., Metcalfe, R. M., & McMain, S. (2016). A multi-method laboratory investigation of emotional reactivity and volitional emotion regulation in borderline personality disorder. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 52-60. doi: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2015.05.002



Fitzpatrick, S., & Kuo, J. R. (2015). A comprehensive examination of delayed emotional recovery in borderline personality disorder. The Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 47, 51-59. doi: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2014.11.004



Kuo, J. R., Khoury, J. E., Metcalfe, R., Fitzpatrick, S., & Goodwill, A. (2015). An examination of the relationship between childhood emotional abuse and borderline personality disorder features: The role of difficulties with emotion regulation. Child Abuse and Neglect: The International Journal, 39, 147-155. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2014.08.008



Kuo, J. R., Neacsiu, A. D., Fitzpatrick, S., & MacDonald, D. E. (2013). A methodological examination of emotion inductions in borderline personality disorder: A comparison of standardized versus idiographic stimuli. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 36, 155-164. doi: 10.1007/s10862-013-9378-x



SELECTED BOOK CHAPTERS



Fitzpatrick, S., & Rizvi, S. L. (in press). Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT): Assessment and case conceptualization. Waves of behavior therapy: First, second, and third waves. New York, NY: Springer. 



Fitzpatrick, S., Jarnecke, A., Back, S., Straus, L., Norman, S., & Hien, D. (in press). Post-traumatic stress disorder. In K. Brady, F. R. Levin, M. Galanter, and H. D. Kieber (Eds.), The American Psychiatric Press Textbook of Substance Abuse: Sixth edition (745-758). Washington D.C.: American Psychiatric Association 



Dworkin, E. R., Ojalehto, H., Brill, C., Fitzpatrick, S.,Bedard-Gilligan, M., & Kaysen, D. (in press). Understanding PTSD and sexual assault. In W. O’Donohue, C. Cummings, & P. Schewe (Eds.), Handbook of sexual assault and sexual assault prevention(293-308).New York, NY: Springer. 



Fitzpatrick, S. & Kuo, J. R. (2016). Borderline personality disorder. In A. Carr (Ed.), Handbook of adult clinical psychology: Second edition(953-989). London, UK: Routledge. 



Kuo, J. R., & Fitzpatrick, S. (2015). Dialectical behavior therapy. In E. S. Neukrug (Ed.), Encyclopaedia of theory in counselling and psychotherapy (292-297).Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.


Affiliations

Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies
Member

Ontario Psychological Association
C. Psych.

Service/Community Activities

Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies
Program Committee Member Award Committee Member

Awards

Canadian Institutes of Health Research Postdoctoral Fellowship - 2018

Governor General’s Academic Gold Medal Award - 2018

The University of Washington Internship Director’s Prize: The Nancy Robinson, Ph.D. Award for Outstanding Overall Achievement - 2018

Canadian Psychological Association Certificate of Academic Excellence - 2018

Association of Behavioural and Cognitive Therapies (ABCT): Student Travel Award - 2016

Ontario Mental Health Foundation Studentship Award - 2015

American Psychological Association Dissertation Research Award - 2015

Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Frederick Banting and Charles Best Canada Graduate Scholarship Doctoral Award - 2013

Institute for Stress and Wellbeing Harry Rosen Research Grant - 2015

Ontario Graduate Scholarship (OGS) program award - 2012

Dennis Mock Student Leadership Award - 2013

SSHRC Joseph-Armand-Bombardier Canada Graduate Scholarship - 2011

Ontario Graduate Scholarship (OGS) program award - 2011

Supervision

Currently available to supervise graduate students: Yes

Currently taking on work-study students, Graduate Assistants or Volunteers: No

Available to supervise undergraduate thesis projects: No

Current Research

My research involves identifying and refining ways to treat borderline personality disorder (BPD) and suicidality, with and without comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). I have two streams of research that work towards this goal. First, I use experimental, ecological momentary assessment, and other translational science paradigms to identify which specific strategies work in the treatment of BPD and how. Second, I directly study BPD and PTSD treatments themselves with a particular focus on dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT). To this end, I have recently become particularly focused on harnessing the power of relationships to treat BPD and/or PTSD through conjoint and dyadic interventions.  

Research Projects

How do communication behaviours contribute to and buffer against suicidal and self-injurious acts in couples wherein one member has borderline personality disorder?
Examining how couples wherein one member with borderline personality disorder (BPD) interact, and how such interactions influence suicidal and self-injurious behaviour.
Role: Principal Investigator
Amount funded: $555774
Year Funded: 2021
Duration: 5
Funded by: Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Initial Testing of a Couple Intervention to Optimize Suicide and Self-Injury Treatment: COMPASS (Connecting, Overcoming, and Moving Past Suicide and Self-injury)
Developing and testing a new conjoint therapy for couples wherein one member has borderline personality disorder and struggles with suicidality or self-injurious behaviour
Role: Principal Investigator
Amount funded: $30000 USD
Year Funded: 2020
Duration: 2
Funded by: Other...
Other funding: American Foundation for Suicide Prevention

Expanding a Randomized Controlled Trial of a Couple Internet-Delivered PTSD Intervention to Reach Military Members, Veterans, and First Responders with COVID-19-Related Trauma Exposure
Expanding an existing randomized controlled trial of an online, self-help intervention for couples wherein one member has Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to a sample of Military Members, Veterans, First Responders, and Healthcare workers with COVID-19 related PTSD.
Role: Principal Investigator
Amount funded: $200000
Year Funded: 2020
Duration: 1
Funded by: Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Initial Testing of a Guided, Internet-delivered Couple Intervention for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Relationship Enhancement: Couple HOPES
Conducting a Randomized Controlled Trial of an online, self-help intervention for couples wherein one member has PTSD.
Role: Co-Principal Investigator
Amount funded: $100000
Year Funded: 2020
Duration: 2
Funded by: Other...
Other funding: Canadian Institute for Military and Veteran Health Research (CIMVHR) True Patriot Love Foundation