Esther R Greenglass


Locations / Contact Info:

Keele Campus
Phone: 416 736 2100 Ext. 66282

Email address(es):

Web site(s):

Esther R. Greenglass
Proactive Coping Inventory

Faculty & School/Dept.

Faculty of Health - Department of Psychology


Ph.D. - 1967
University of Toronto


Esther Greenglass obtained her Ph.D. from the University of Toronto. She has been a professor of psychology at York University since 1968. She is a Fellow of the Canadian Psychological Association (CPA), the American Psychological Association (APA), and the International Association of Applied Psychology (IAAP). She has published five books, several book chapters, and a few hundred papers in academic psychological journals and she has been invited to talk about her research in many universities and at conferences all over the world.  Her research is in the areas of burnout, gender, social support, coping and health psychology. Her work includes the influence of positive constructs on mood and burnout and has implications not only for psychological theory but also for health. She has also conducted a cross-national study of the effects of the 2008 economic recession from a social psychological perspective and, along with her students, she has had a team of over 25 international collaborators working on this project. Currently Dr. Greenglass is conducting research on COVID-19 and psychological reactions such as depression, anxiety, and coping strategies as well as the relationship between economic factors associated with COVID-19 and psychological factors. In more recent research, Dr. Greenglass and her team are investigating the psychological effects of watching the war in Ukraine. And in another research project, the focus is on return to in-person class and psychological factors. In all of her research, Dr. Greenglass integrates social psychological theory with her empirical studies.

Selected Publications

Other Research Outputs




Lifetime Achievement Award - 2006

Fellow, International Association of Applied Psychology (IAAP) - 2010

Invited Distinguished Spielberger Address. The great recession: Stress and coping in difficult economic times. Presented at the 34th International Conference of Star, Faro, Portugal, July - 2013

J-STAR Journal of Stress, Trauma, Anxiety, and Resilience. Consulting Editor - 2022


Currently available to supervise graduate students: Yes

Currently taking on work-study students, Graduate Assistants or Volunteers: Yes

Available to supervise undergraduate thesis projects: Yes

Current Research

Ongoing research is conducted in stress and job burnout, and positive psychology.  Professor Greenglass has developed the Proactive Coping Inventory (PCI) (in collaboration with R. Schwarzer), a valid and reliable instrument to assess coping that has been translated into several languages and is used in many countries and contexts to assess coping strategies. Research has focused on a theoretical and empirical investigation of psychological ourcomes of the 2008 economic recession and in particular, the relevance of stress and coping in relation to financial hardship using both self report and experimental methods of investigation..More recently she is investigating psychological factors and COVID-19 in a cross-national study.

Curriculum Vitae (C.V. file):

CV of Esther R Greenglass