Faculty & School/Dept.
Faculty of Health - Department of Psychology
PhD - 2001
MA - 1995
BSc - 1993
University of Toronto
Fancher, R. & Rutherford, A. (2017). Pioneers of psychology, 5th Edition. New York: Norton. [4th edition, 2012]
Rutherford, A., Capdevila, R., Undurti, V., & Palmary, I. (Eds.). (2011). Handbook of international feminisms: Perspectives on psychology, women, culture, and rights. New York: Springer.
- Winner of the 2012 Distinguished Publication Award from the Association for Women in Psychology
Pickren, W. E. & Rutherford, A. (2010). A history of modern psychology in context. New York: Wiley.
Rutherford, A. (2009). Beyond the box: B. F. Skinner’s technology of behavior from laboratory to life, 1950s-1970s. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
ARTICLES and CHAPTERS
Fox Lee, S., Rutherford, A. & Pettit, M. (2016). "Functionalism, Darwinism, and the Psychology of Women" as critical feminist history of psychology: Discourse communities and citation practices. Feminism & Psychology, 26, 254-271..
Rutherford, A. (2015). Maintaining masculinity in mid-20th century American psychology: Edwin Boring, scientific eminence, and the “woman problem,” In E. Milam & R. Nye (Eds.), Osiris, 30, 250-271.
Rutherford, A. & Pettit, M. (2015). Feminism and/in/as psychology: The public sciences of sex and gender. History of Psychology, 18, 223-237.
Kim, S. & Rutherford, A. (2015). From seduction to sexism: Feminists challenge the ethics of therapist-client sexual relations in 1970s America. History of Psychology, 18, 283-296.
Rutherford, A., Sheese, K., & Ruck, N. (2015). Feminism and theoretical psychology. In J. Martin, K. Slaney, and J. Sugarman (Eds.), Wiley handbook of theoretical and philosophical psychology (pp. 374-391). New York: Wiley.
Other Research Outputs
Psychology's Feminist Voices
A multimedia internet archive showcasing the women of psychology's past and the diverse voices of contemporary feminist psychologists.
SPSSI Was There
An interactive timeline developed to convey the synergy between science and society through the history of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues.
I Am Psyched! Inspiring Histories, Inspiring Lives: Women of Color in Psychology
A pop-up exhibit developed in collaboration with the Women’s Programs Office of the American Psychological Association and the Cummings Center for the History of Psychology for a special edition of the Smithsonian’s Museum Day Live! initiative on March 12, 2016 during Women’s History Month. Through panels, videos, and interactives, it explores the history of women of color in psychology and how they have used their unique perspectives to advance knowledge and impact society. It is designed to engage girls of color and excite them about careers in the social and behavioral sciences.
History of Science Society
Society for the History of Psychology
Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues
Society for the Psychology of Women
Center for the History of Psychology
Advisory Board Member
Society for the History of Psychology
Distinguished Service Award, Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues - 2017
Florence Denmark Distinguished Mentoring Award, Assoc. for Women in Psych. - 2016
Fellow, Canadian Psychological Association - 2016
Distinguished Publication Award, Assoc. for Women in Psych. - 2012
Award of Distinction, Section on Women and Psychology, CPA - 2011
Currently available to supervise graduate students: Yes
Currently taking on work-study students, Graduate Assistants or Volunteers: No
Available to supervise undergraduate thesis projects: No
History of women, gender, and feminist activism in psychology; objectivity, advocacy, and activist social science in the 20th century; science and public policy.
Gendering Science: Psychologies of Gender and Gendered Psychologies in the 20th Century
In this project, I investigate how cultures of masculinity, constructions of gender, and the politics of knowledge have affected the scientific and social practices of 20th century psychologists as they sought to define not only the field's subject matter and methods, but the very kind of person a scientist should be. I examine how in the 1970s, sciences of men and women (i.e., the "psychology of men and masculinity" and the "psychology of women") became possible. Finally, I assess whether Psychological science has changed any of the gender ideologies that continue to operate both inside and outside science, and use this investigation to promote public discussion about the relationships among feminism, gender, and science in the 21st century.
Role: Principal Investigator
Year Funded: 2013
Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
Curriculum Vitae (C.V. file):
CV of Alexandra Rutherford