Gerald Young

Associate Professor

Locations / Contact Info:

140 York Hall
Glendon Campus
Phone (Professor Young): 416-736-2100 Ext. 88362

Email address(es):

Web site(s):

Rejoining Joy

Faculty & School/Dept.

Glendon Faculty -


Ph.D. - 1974
Université de Montréal
Montréal, Quebéc

M.A. - 1971
University of Western Ontario
London, Ontario

B.Sc. - 1969
McGill University
Montréal, Quebéc


Gerald Young is Editor-in-Chief of the Springer journal, Psychological Injury and Law (PIL; Also, he publishes books on the topic, including one on Malingering in 2014. His most recent book is entitled "Unifying Causality and Psychology: Being, Brain, and Behavior" (Springer SBM, 2016). He publishes in psychological, psychiatric, medical, and law journals. He has appeared as an expert witness for a case involving the Supreme Court of Canada. His practice covers rehabilitation and also families.

Selected Publications

Young, G. (2016). Unifying Causality and Psychology: Being, Brain and Behavior. New York: Springer Nature.

Young, G. (2016). A broad ethics model for mental health. Ethics, Medicine, and Public Health, 2(2).

Young, G. (2015). Causality in psychiatry: A hybrid symptom network construct model. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 6, November, Article 164, 1-15.

Young, G. (2015).  Causality in civil disability and criminal forensic cases: Legal and psychological comparison. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 42-43, 119-120.

Young, G. (2015). PTSD-SUDs comorbidities in the context of psychological injury and law. Psychological Injury and Law, 8(3), 233-251.

Young, G. (2015). Dimensions and dissociation in PTSD in the DSM-5: Towards eight core symptoms. Psychological Injury and Law, 8(3), 219-232.

Young, G. (2015). Towards balanced VA and SSA policies in psychological injury disability assessment. Psychological Injury and Law, 8(3), 200-218.

Young, G. (2015). Malingering in forensic disability-related assessments: Prevalence 15 +/- 15%. Psychological Injury and Law, 8(3), 188-199.

Young, G. (2015). Science, bias, and continuing to educate. Psychological Injury and Law, 8(3), 185-187.

Young, G. (2015). Detection system for malingered PTSD and related response biases. Psychological Injury and Law, 8(2), 169-183.

Other Research Outputs

Young, G. (2016). Malingering. As part of a half-day Continuing Education Workshop, for the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, on Psychological Injuries, Law, Malingering Disability, by Young, G., Evans, B, & Schultz, I. Denver, August.

Young, G. (2016, invited, for my award for Outstanding Lifetime Achievement, Trauma Stress section). PTSD in court. To be presented at the Annual Convention of the Canadian Psychological Association, Victoria, BC, June.

Young, G. (2016). Admissibility of neuropsychological evidence. In S. S. Bush, G. J. Demakis, & M. L. Rohling (Eds.), American Psychological Association Handbook of Forensice Neuropsychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Young, G. (2016, in preparation). Psychological injury and law. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 38.


American Psychological Association

Canadian Psychological Association

Canadian Academy of Psychologists in Disability Assessment

Service/Community Activities

International Academy of Law and Mental Health
Scientific - Organizing Committee; Journal - Board Memberships


York University Research Leader - 2016

Outstanding Lifetime Achievement Award. Canadian Psychological Association, Trauma Stress Section - 2015

Fellow of the American Psychological Association - 2015


Currently available to supervise graduate students: No

Currently taking on work-study students, Graduate Assistants or Volunteers: No

Available to supervise undergraduate thesis projects: Yes

Current Research

Revising the APA Ethics Code

Research Projects

Free Will
Role: Co-Principal Investigator
Funded by: Other...
Other funding: TBA

Curriculum Vitae (C.V. file):

CV of Gerald Young