Michaela Hynie


Resident Faculty, Centre for Refugee Studies (CRS)

Locations / Contact Info:

Kaneff Tower 849
Keele Campus
Phone: 416 736 2100 Ext. 22996

Email address(es):


Faculty & School/Dept.

Faculty of Health - Department of Psychology


Ph.D. - 1996
McGill University
Montreal, Canada

Selected Publications

   Bridekirk, J., Hynie, M., & SyRIA.lth. (in press). The impact of education and employment quality on self-rated mental health among Syrian refugees in Canada. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health.

     Oda, A., Al Mhamied, A., Al-Saadi, R., Arya, N., Awwad, M., Hajjar, O., Hanley J., Hynie, M., Ives, N., Jamil, R. F., Khalaf, M., Khayr, R., Kuo, B. C. H., Massijeh, M., Mohammad, R., & Sherrell K. (in press). Ethical challenges of conducting a national longitudinal mixed-method community-based research study: Reflections from peer researchers. In K. Grabska & C. Clark-Kazak (Eds.). Research Methods in Forced Migration. McGill-Queens University Press.

     Smith, E.P., Htoo, S., Hynie, M., & McGrath, S. (in press). Group refugee resettlement in Canada: Learning from the Karen. In B. Sethi, S., Guruge, & R., Csiernik (Eds.) Understanding the refugee experience in the Canadian context. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

     Ahmad, F., Othman, N. Hynie, M., Bayoumi, A. M., Oda, A. & McKenzie, K. (2020) Depression-level symptoms among Syrian refugees: findings from a Canadian longitudinal study. Journal of Mental Health.  10.1080/09638237.2020.1765998

     Abojedi, A., Alamgir, A., Nudel, S., Siddiqi, R., Janczur, A., McKenzie, K., Roche, B., & Hynie, M. (2020). Impact of family loss and separation on refugee youth: Implications for policy and programs—scoping review. Canadian Diversity, 17(2), 37-46.

     Hynie, M., Tuck, A., Oda A., Agic, B., & McKenzie, K. (2020). Health care and the Canadian Syrian Resettlement Initiative: Understanding Syrian newcomers’ needs and health care access in context. In A. Korntheuer, D. B. Maehler, P. Pritchard, & L. Wilkinson (Eds.), Refugees in Canada and Germany: Responses in policy and practice (pp 171-188). (GESIS-Schriftenreihe, 25). Köln: GESIS - Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften. https://doi.org/10.21241/ssoar.66728

     Su, C. & Hynie, M. (2020). Chinese and Canadian identity on responses to the experience of shame and guilt. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. 

     Tuck, A., Oda, A., Hynie, M., Bennett-Abuayyash, C., Roche, B., Agic, B., & McKenzie, K. (2020). Health needs and service use of newly arrived Syrian refugees. In L. K. Hamilton, L. Veronis, M.Walton-Roberts (Eds.) A national project: Canada’s Syrian refugee resettlement experience. (pp. 85-103). Montreal, Canada: McGill-Queen’s University Press. doi:10.2307/j.ctv176ktst.10

     Umuziga, M. P., Adejumo, O. & Hynie, M. (2020). The social determinants of maternal mental health in Rwanda. BMC Pregnancy & Childbirth, 20, 68-90. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-020-2747-z.

     Qasim, K. & Hynie, M. (2019). Exploring an Islamically integrated peer support model for Muslim Syrian refugees. In M. Zangeneh & A. Al-Krenawi (Eds.), Culture, diversity and mental health—Enhancing clinical practice. (pp. 133-148). New York: Springer

     Hynie, M.,McGrath, S., Bridekirk, J., Oda, A., Ives, N., Hyndman, J., Arya, N., Shakya, Y. B., Hanley, J., McKenzie, K., and SyRIA.lth. (2019). What role does type of sponsorship play in early integration outcomes? Syrian refugees resettled in six Canadian cities. Refuge

     Su, C. & Hynie, M. (2019). A cross-cultural study on the experience of shame and guilt. In M. Zangeneh (Ed.), Culture, diversity and mental health—Enhancing clinical practice. (pp. 243-262). New York: Springer

     Su, C. & Hynie, M. (2019). A cross-cultural study on dimensions of shame and guilt between Mainland Chinese and Euro-Canadians. In M. Zangeneh (Ed.), Culture, diversity and mental health—Enhancing clinical practice (pp. 263-284).New York: Springer   

      Tuck, A., Oda, A., Hynie, M., Bennett-AbuAyyash, C., Roche, B., Agic, B., & McKenzie, K. (2019). Unmet health care needs for Syrian refugees in Canada: A follow up study. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-019-00856-y

    Bridekirk, J. & Hynie, M. (2018). Education, employment and mental health outcomes for Syrian refugee newcomers. Psynopsis, 40(4), 16. https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Psynopsis/2019-Vol40-4/index.html

     Hanley, J., Al Mhamied, A., Cleveland, J., Hajjar, O., Hassan, G., Ives, N., Khyar, R., & Hynie, M. (2018). The social networks, social support and social capital of Syrian refugees privately sponsored to settle in Montreal: Indications for employment and housing during their early experiences of integration. Canadian Ethnic Studies, 50(2), 123-148. 

     Hynie, M. (2018). Social determinants of refugee health. In N. Arya & T. Piggot (Eds.) (pp 202-223). Under-served:Health determinants of indigenous, inner-city and migrant populations in Canada.  Toronto, CanadaCanadian Scholars. 

   Hynie, M. (2018). Canada’s Syrian refugee program, intergroup relationships and identities. Canadian Ethnic Studies, 50(2), 1-14.

   Hynie, M. (2018). Refugee integration: Research and policy. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 24(3):.265-276.

   Hynie, M. (2018). The social determinants of refugee mental health in the post-migration context: A critical review. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 63(5).297-303. doi/10.1177/0706743717746666

 Korntheuer , A., Hynie, M., Korn, A., Shimwe, B., & Homa, L. (2018). Education pathways: policy implications for refugee youth in Germany and Canada. In S. Pashang, N. Khanlou, & J., Clarke (Eds.). Youth and mental health—Hope, power, and resilience.  (pp. 287-304). Advances in Mental Health and Addiction. New York: Springer.

     Qasim, K., & Hynie, M. (2018). Looking to God, within or both? Coping in Muslim Syrian refugees. Psynopsis40(4), 14-15, https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Psynopsis/2019-Vol40-4/index.html

     Hamidi, F., Owuor, P.M., Hynie, M., Baljko, M., & McGrath, S. (2017). Potentials of digital assistive technology and special education in Kenya. In C. Ayo, & V. Mbarika (Eds.), Handbook of Research on sustainable ICT adoption and integration for socio-economic development (pp. 151-169). Hershey, PA: IGI Global. 

   Hynie, M., Qasim, K., & Das, M. (2017). Access to health care in Canada. In A. Korntheueur & P. Pritchard (Eds.). Structural context of refugee integration in Canada and Germany. GESIS Series, 15 (pp. 81-86). Cologne, Germany: GESIS—Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences.

     Islam, F., Amanprett, M., Hynie, M., Shakya, Y., & McKenzie, K. (2017). Mental health of South Asian youth in Peel Region: Determinants, coping strategies, and service access. BMJ Open, 7(11):e018265.

     Jones, J.M. & Hynie, M. (2017). Similarly Torn, Differentially Shorn? The experience and management of conflict between multiple identities: Do the types of identities matter? Frontiers in Psychology—Social and Personality Psychology. 8:1732, 1-16

     Oda, A., Tuck, A., Agic, B., Hynie, M., Roche, B., & McKenzie, K. (2017). Health needs and services use of newly arrived Syrian refugees in Toronto: A cross-sectional study. CMAJ Open, 5, E354-358.

   Ali, H., Dumbuya, B., Hynie, M., Idahosa, P., Keil, R.,& Perkins, P. (2016). The social and political dimensions of the Ebola response:  Global inequality, climate change, and infectious disease. In W. Leal Filho, U.M. Azeiteiro, & F. Alves, Eds. Climate change and health: Improving resilience and reducing risks (pp. 151-169). Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.

     Hynie, M., Ardern, C. I., & Robertson, A. (2016). Emergency room visits by uninsured child and adult residents in Ontario, Canada: What diagnoses, severity and visit disposition reveal about the impact of being uninsured. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. 9 pp. DOI: 10.1007/s10903-016-0351-0

   Hynie, M. & Changoor, T. (2016). Employment pathways for refugees, Part 1: Barriers on the pathway to a good job and the importance of getting there. Canadian Diversity, Special Issue: Refugee Pathways13(2), 31-35.     

   Hynie, M., Korn, A., & Tao, D. (2016). Social context and social integration for Government Assisted Refugees in Ontario, Canada (pp. 183-227). In M. Poteet & S. Nourpanah (Eds.), After the flight: The dynamics of refugee settlement and integration. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars.

   Hynie, M., MacNevin, W., Prescod, C., Reider, B., & Schwartzentuber, L. (2016). The morning after: Stakeholder reflections on the sustainability of a community-campus engagement center in the changing environment. Metropolitan Universities Journal, 27(3), 27-46.

   King, R., Hynie, M., Mukashema, I., Habineza, J.P., Kubwimana, G., & Musindarwego, A. (2016). Integrating, complementary or just different? Western and Rwandan approaches to clinical counseling. Critical and Radical Social Work, 4(2), 231-248.         

   Ng, A. & Hynie, M. (2016). Naïve dialecticism and indecisiveness: Mediating mechanism and downstream consequences. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology (47) 263-276 DOI: 10.1177/0022022115613861

      Yusa, A., Hynie, M., & Mitchell, S. (2016). Utilization of internal evaluation results by community mental health organizations: Credibility in different forms. Evaluation and Program Planning, 54, 11-18

       Guruge, S., Shakya, Y., & Hynie, M. (2015) Refugee youth and migration: Using arts-informed research to understand changes in roles and responsibilities. Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 16(3), 36 pp.

       Singh, M., Hynie, M., Rivera, T., Macisaac, L., Gladman, A., & Cheng, A. (2015). An evaluation study of the implementation of stroke best practice guidelines using a Knowledge Transfer Team approach. Canadian Journal of Neuroscience Nursing, 37(1), 24-33

       Bohr, Y. & Hynie, M. (with L. Armour). (2015). Focusing on resilience in Canadian immigrant mother’s mental 
health. In Khanlou N. & Pilkington B. (Editors). Women’s mental health: Resistance and resilience in community and society (pp 233-245). Advances in Mental Health and Addiction (Series Editor: Masood Zangeneh). New York: Springer.

       Hynie, M., Umubyeyi, B., Gasanganwa, M.C., Bohr, Y., McGrath, S. & Umuziga, P.  (with B. Mukarusanga) (2015). Community resilience and community interventions for post-natal depression: Reflecting on maternal mental health in Rwanda.  In Khanlou N. & Pilkington B. (Editors). Women’s mental health: Resistance and resilience in community and society. (pp 343-356). Advances in Mental Health and Addiction (Series Editor: Masood Zangeneh). New York: Springer.

       Hynie, M., McGrath, S., Young, J. E., E., & Banerjee, P. (2014). Negotiations of engaged scholarship and equity through a global network of refugee scholars. Scholarly and Research Communication Journal, 5(3), 18 pages. Article ID 0301164.

        Korn, A., Coric, K., & Hynie, M. (2014). Working with vulnerable populations: best practices, innovation and impact. Canadian Diversity. 11(1, Spring), 106-109.

         McGrath, S., King, R. & Hynie, M. (2014). Social services and transnationality. Transnational Social Review – Special Issue: Social Services and Transnationality  (4(2-3), 117-119.

       Ng, A. & Hynie, M. (2014). Cultural differences in indecisiveness: The role of naïve dialecticism. Individual and Personality Differences, 70, 45-50.

       Salahi, R., Hynie, M., & Flicker, S. (2014) Factors associated with access to sexual health services among immigrant teens in Toronto. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, (16)4, 638-645.

         Shakya, Y. B., Guruge, S., Hynie, M., Htoo, S., Akbari, A., Jandu, B., Spasevksi, M., Berhane, N., & Forster, J. (2014). Newcomer refugee youth as ‘resettlement champions’ for their families: Vulnerability, resilience and empowerment. In L. Simich & L. Andermann (Eds.), Refuge and resilience: Promoting resilience and mental health among resettled refugees and forced migrants (pp. 131 -154). New York, USA: Springer.

Other Research Outputs

“Setting the Stage: Current Global Issues in Forced Migration” presentation from The National Academy of Sciences on Vimeo. https://vimeo.com/339375136

Conference report on Seeking Solutions Symposium; Access to Health Care for the Uninsured: Linking Ethics, Research Evidence and Policy-Practice Change, February 2012, Toronto, Canada  

Fact sheets on the medically uninsured in Toronto

The Road to Psychology-Community Partnerships: Collaborating on Social Issues for Social Change (20 minute documentary about community-based research and partnerships):

Voces des Esperanza (a Spanish mental health guide for Latin American women in Toronto)

YIHR Mini-Documentaries


Canadian Association for Refugee and Forced Migration Studies
Past President

Canadian Psychological Association--International and Cross-Cultural Psychology Division

International Association for the Study of Forced Migration

Service/Community Activities

Centre for Refugee Studies
Member, Executive Committee

Network on Uninsured Clients
Member, Research Sub-Committee


Parents' University Wide Teaching Award - 2003

Canadian Evaluation Society, Evaluation Excellence Award - 2012

Faculty of Graduate Studies Graduate Teaching Award - 2020


Currently available to supervise graduate students: Yes

Currently taking on work-study students, Graduate Assistants or Volunteers: Not Indicated

Available to supervise undergraduate thesis projects: Not Indicated

Current Research

Dr. Hynie’s research addresses the development and evaluation of interventions that can strengthen social integration and inclusion in communities that have experienced social conflict or forced migration, whether through conflict or environmental change. She is particularly interested in the manner in which social networks and interpersonal relationships influence well-being in different cultural contexts, and how psychological aspects of social inclusion are shaped by the public and health sectors. Her approach promotes the collaboration of universities, community members and nongovernmental and governmental agencies to build on the strengths of each sector and ensure sustainability.. 

Research Projects

A community-based mental health intervention for maternal mental health in Rwanda
Developing and testing a social support intervention for all new mothers in communities in Rwanda and increasing awareness of maternal mental health in the medical and public sector
Role: Principal Investigator
Amount funded: $269,653
Year Funded: 2013
Duration: 3
Funded by: Other...
Other funding: Grand Challenges Canada

Accessibility and costs of healthcare for refugee claimants following changes to the Interim Federal Health Programs
Documenting the impact of changes to Interim Federal Health Insurance on health outcomes and health care access for refugee claimants in Ontario and Quebec
Role: CoInvestigator
Amount funded: $766,175
Year Funded: 2013
Duration: 3.5
Funded by: Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Building Bridges across Social and Computational Sciences: Using Big Data to Inform Humanitarian Policy and Interventions
An international project exploring the use of computational modeling to predict the movement of refugees in Iraq. The goal is to develop a tool that can be used by humanitarian agencies to provide effective and timely emergency response in conflict situations
Role: Collaborator
Amount funded: $200,000
Year Funded: 2015
Duration: 2
Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council

Emerging voices: how Syrian newcomers and other key stakeholders perceive Canada's three sponsorship programs for refugee (re)settlement.
Role: CoInvestigator
Amount funded: $50,000
Year Funded: 2016
Duration: 1
Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council

Ethical guidelines for research with Syrian refugees
Role: CoInvestigator
Amount funded: $19361
Year Funded: 2016
Duration: 1
Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council

Exploring the mental health and service needs of Syrian refugees within their first two years in Canada
Role: CoInvestigator
Amount funded: $25000
Year Funded: 2016
Duration: 1
Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council

Fabrication Lab-in-a-Kit (FLiK): DIY Assistive Technology for Children with Disabilities in Kenya
Role: CoInvestigator
Amount funded: $74,540
Year Funded: 2016
Duration: 2
Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council

Living with Climate Change: Mapping Experience and Adaptation in the Global South and North
Developing shared tools and shared knowledge of how communities adapt to environmental change in South Asia and Canada
Role: Principal Investigator
Amount funded: $200,000
Year Funded: 2013
Duration: 2
Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council

Migration and resilience in urban Canada: discovering strengths and building capacity.
Role: CoInvestigator
Amount funded: $2,496, 912
Year Funded: 2016
Duration: 5
Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council

Promising practices in accessing virtual mental health: Supporting refugees during COVID-19
Role: Co-Principal Investigator
Amount funded: $158,062
Year Funded: 2020
Duration: 1
Funded by: Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Refugee integration and long term health outcomes in Canada
Resettled refugees have poorer health than host populations. Studies show that social integration affects wellness but we do not have much research examining how the experiences of settlement and integration contribute to the long-term health of refugees. This pan-Canadian study will compare how GAR and PSR resettlement programs support long-term social integration pathways for refugees and the impact of these pathways on physical and mental health.
Role: Principal Investigator
Amount funded: $1353165
Year Funded: 2016
Duration: 5
Funded by: Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Supporting Somali and Syrian Refugee Adolescents
The development and evaluation of a peer support model for refugee youth in Alberta and Ontario
Role: CoInvestigator
Amount funded: $43264
Year Funded: 2017
Duration: 1
Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council

Synthesizing indigenous and international social work theory and practice in Rwanda
Developing methods of merging local Rwandan helping practices with international pedagogy in social work
Role: CoInvestigator
Amount funded: $200,000
Year Funded: 2013
Duration: 3
Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council